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MotoGP:國際摩托車賽事官網是國家性質的摩托車世界錦標賽,已經擁有64年的光輝歷史,有個大賽起源于1949年;國際摩托車聯合會(FIM)將最高級別的GP500以及整個賽事的名稱都改為MotoGP。

MotoGP:國際摩托車賽事官網

MotoGP于1949年創立,最初只設六站比賽,以后經過8,10,12,13,15站,到1999年直至2004年,每年都保持16站比賽。從2005年起更是遞增到了17站,賽事頻率在不斷擴大中,它的版圖也在不斷地擴大。

MotoGP按排氣量的大小分為MotoGP級別(1000cc)、Moto2級別(600cc 取代了原來的GP250級別)和Moto3級別(250cc 取代了原來的GP125級別)這3個級別。現在全部級別都采用四行程引擎。,即每站都有三組賽事。其中Moto GP組就是由GP500升級轉變而來,主要的變化就是由原來二行程500毫升引擎轉換成990毫升四行程引擎。從這項改革措施在2000年被國際摩聯(FIM)正式確認并執行后,MotoGP在摩托車賽事的地位就等同于F1目前在方程式賽車中的地位了。

MotoGP所用賽車全部特制,追求速度和注重觀賞性,絲毫不亞于F1。由于MotoGP賽車車體比F1窄,比賽參賽車輛多,超車機會比F1多得多,有時幾乎每圈都發生名次改變。車手在最后一圈甚至是最后一個彎角處,突然發動沖刺而改變格局的場面也時有發生。另外,MotoGP賽事中,車手身體完全外露,一般也不進站加油,沒有進站策略可言,可以說比賽從一開始就是完全憑車手孤軍奮戰。因此MotoGP比F1更為精彩刺激。

Boasting 63 years of history, MotoGP™ is the oldest of all motorsports World Championships - its first annual competition having been held in 1949.

From the early 1900s motorcycle Grands Prix were held in various countries and in 1938 the predecessor to the current FIM, the FICM (Fédération Internationale des Clubs Motocyclistes), announced a European Championship. However, the start of the Second World War interrupted the competition and it then took some time after the war for fuel to become available, before a truly international series could be created.

EARLY DAYS

When the first formal World Championship was held in 1949 Grand Prix racing comprised four solo classes, with the inaugural ‘premier class’ 500cc title being won by British rider Leslie Graham on AJS machinery. Another Brit, Freddie Frith (Velocette) took the first ever 350cc World title, while Italians Bruno Ruffo (Moto Guzzi) and Nello Pagani (Mondial) were the first 250cc and 125cc World Champions respectively.

A 600cc sidecar championship in the same season was won by Britons Eric Oliver and Denis Jenkinson with Norton machinery, though the sidecar category became a 500cc competition in 1951.

The Italian manufacturers such as the aforementioned Mondial and Moto Guzzi firms, along with companies such as Gilera and MV Agusta, dominated the World Championships during the 1950s, reflecting the strength of the country’s motorcycle industry at the time. MV Agusta were particularly prolific late in the decade, taking a clean sweep of World titles across all four categories for three seasons from 1958 to 1960 – while their dominance in the 500cc class was unbroken for 17 years from 1958 until 1974.

THE SWINGING SIXTIES

During the ‘60s the Japanese motorbike industry began to boom and during that decade many of the manufacturers that participate in modern day MotoGP™ racing, such as Honda, Suzuki and Yamaha, arrived to pick up their first World Championship title wins across the 125, 250 and 500 categories, as they announced themselves in Grand Prix racing. Suzuki in particular enjoyed great success in a new 50cc class which was introduced in 1962.

The late ‘60s brought the start of the glory days for MotoGP™ Legend Giacomo Agostini – the most successful rider in the history of World Championship competition. Up until the modern era riders regularly competed in two or three classes simultaneously and Agostini took 10 of his 15 titles in five successive seasons as double champion in 350cc and 500cc - in a golden period commencing in 1968, riding for MV Agusta.

At this time the escalating costs associated with Grand Prix racing had reached such a level that several Japanese firms withdrew from competition - with only Yamaha left at the end of the ‘60s. In response the FIM introduced rules which limited the bikes to single cylinder engines in the 50cc class, two cylinders in 125cc and 250cc, and four cylinders in 350cc and 500cc.

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